Autophagy is an evolutionaly conserved machinery, in which autophagosome fuses with lysosome and degrades bulk cytoplasmic contents. Autophagy is involved in many physiological processes such as development, infection, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases. ATG (autopha gy-related) genes were identified by genetic screening in yeast. Atg7 acts as an E1-like enzyme in both Atg12 and Atg8 ubiquitin-like conjugation systems. Atg7 transfers Atg12 to an E2-like enzyme Atg10, and conjugates Atg12 to Atg5. In the other hand, Atg7 transfers Atg8 to another E2-like enzyme Atg3, and conjugates Atg8 to phosphatidylethanolamine. Many of these ATG genes are conserved also in mammals. Atg7 deficient neonates die soon after birth as they cannot endure perineonatal starvation. Conditional deletion of Atg7 in nerves system results in neurodegeneration with ubiquitin containing aggregates.
Sample: Lysate of Hela Cells
To be used for research only. DO NOT use for human gene therapy or clinical diagnosis.